Mosquitto on Raspberry Pi - Part 1, Installing and testing

This post is a record of my experiment following the posts on Random Nerd Tutorial. The links to the posts that I followed can be found at the end of this post.

This post contains 2 parts, the 1st one is about how to setup and test Mosquitto on Raspberry Pi. The 2nd part is about how to secure the transport layer.

OS: Raspbian used 4.4.13+.

Updating the Repository

To update the repository you need to import the repository package signing key:

pi@raspberry:~ $ wget http://repo.mosquitto.org/debian/mosquitto-repo.gpg.key
pi@raspberry:~ $ sudo apt-key add mosquitto-repo.gpg.key

Make the repository available to be installed with apt-get:

pi@raspberry:~ $ cd /etc/apt/sources.list.d/
pi@raspberrypi:/etc/apt/sources.list.d $

Then, run the following command:

pi@raspberrypi:/etc/apt/sources.list.d $ sudo wget http://repo.mosquitto.org/debian/mosquitto-jessie.list

Go back to the root directory:

pi@raspberrypi:/etc/apt/sources.list.d $ cd
pi@raspberry:~ $

Finally, update apt-get information:

pi@raspberry:~ $ sudo apt-get update

Installing Mosquitto Broker

To install the Mosquitto Broker enter the next command:

pi@raspberry:~ $ sudo apt-get install mosquitto

You’ll have to type Y and press Enter to confirm the installation.

Testing Installation

Send the command:

pi@raspberry:~ $ mosquitto -v

This returns the Mosquitto version that is currently running in your Raspberry Pi. It should be 1.4 or above.

Note: sometimes the command mosquitto -v prompts a warning message saying “1484326030: Error: Address already in use”. That warning message means that your Mosquitto Broker is already running, so don’t worry about that.

Testing MQTT Broker Installation

The next command shows how to install MQTT Mosquitto Client:

pi@raspberry:~ $ sudo apt-get install mosquitto-clients

You’ll have to type Y and press Enter to confirm the installation.

Run Mosquitto on background as a daemon:

pi@raspberry:~ $ mosquitto -d

Subscribing to testTopic Topic

To subscribe to an MQTT topic with Mosquitto Client, open a new putty terminal (Window #1) to login to the same Raspberry Pi and enter the command:

pi@raspberry:~ $ mosquitto_sub -d -t testTopic

You’re now subscribed to a topic called testTopic.

Publishing “Hello World!” Message to testTopic Topic

To publish a sample message to testTopic, open a new putty terminal (Window #2) t login to the same Raspberry Pi and run this command:

pi@raspberry:~ $ mosquitto_pub -d -t testTopic -m "Hello world!"

The message “Hello World!” is received in Window #1 as illustrated in the figure above.

Publishing a Message to Multiple Clients

Having Window #1 still subscribed to topic testTopic, open a new putty terminal (Window #3) to login to the same Raspberry Pi and run the below command to subscribe to testTopic topic:

pi@raspberry:~ $ mosquitto_sub -d -t testTopic

On Window #2 publish the “Hello World!” message:

pi@raspberry:~ $ mosquitto_pub -d -t testTopic -m "Hello world!"

Since two clients are subscribed to testTopic topic, they will both receive “Hello world!” message.

The Next Step - Secure the transport layer

This topic will be covered in the second part of this post will reference to the below links.

MQTT Mosquitto broker with SSL/TLS transport security

SSL/TLS Client Certs to Secure MQTT

The Mosquitto MQTT broker gets Websockets support


How to Install Mosquitto Broker on Raspberry Pi

Testing Mosquitto Broker and Client on Raspbbery Pi

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